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March 31, 2010

今天看到淬念留言,说中国各个阶层之间,更多的是冲突,是恶性的阶层歧视。这里,我想说说看问题的角度的事情。

以前在国内的时候,我也是看很多事情不顺眼,我也毫不犹豫的翻墙,为了户口的事情问候某些官员的直系母性亲属,也和很多人一样,以为美国的很多事情会比中国好;出国以后,也经历了觉得什么都好,到发现其实也未必的阶段。我曾经因为能够去跟市政大楼里的法官聊天,解释一张停车罚单而觉得美国社会很合理,也曾经因为被银行的接线员到处踢皮球,而觉得还是国内的银行其实更人性化一点。

那么,到底是中国好,还是美国好?这么多年过来,我发现,其实对于如此复杂的两个国家,个人其实是很难看到全貌的。就算是看到的这些方面,也有适合自己的,和不适合自己的。与其简单的以好坏来定义一个国家,不如尽量中性的去描述,然后再看哪些方面是适合自己的,哪些是不适合的。之所以要绕这么一个弯子,主要是不想被预先设定的态度蒙蔽了眼睛,忽略了可能的机会。

比如我前面一篇里面说的,中国各个阶层之间交流很多,交流可以是良性的,比如人之间的交往,贫困地区的学生通过考试和就业进入大城市的白领阶层(虽然现在大城市的白领阶层,其实也不是富裕人群);当然交流也可以是恶性的,比如基于地域的歧视,基于财富的排斥等等。怎么看待这些事情,可以把它们看做是人生的痛苦,可以把它们看做是社会的不公,当然也可以把它们,看成是新的机会。

股票市场上面有句话,叫只要价格有波动,就有机会。上次Freeman来,我们也聊到,只要有问题,就有机会。从这个出发点来看,交流的机会多寡,是更重要的衡量标准,而善恶,则更多的是个人看问题的角度问题。我不是说善恶是不重要的,善和恶更多的时候,是一个事物的两个方面,看到了一面,不要忽略同样重要的另一面,更重要的是,不要忽略了机会。

6 Comments »

  1. 我能明白美人他爹的意思,我先说一下“交流机会的多寡”,我认为中国的阶层之间,交流机会是相对“寡”的,(在美华人与美国主流社会之间的交流机会也是相对“寡”的),“寡”的原因如下:

    1,阶层之间的极大贫富差距,由此产生的机会是相对于少数精英群体与财富所有者的;
    2,民族之间的不可调和的隔阂,由此产生的机会是给主民族的。同化其他族类,或者排斥其他族类于主流社会。
    3,经济发展过快,造成的社会年轮与认知断层。由此造成的机会是快速消费主义的机会。
    4,信仰缺失与道德危机。产生的机会就是非法与非道德的谋利。

    我不会一竿子打死一片,我想说的是,“我们国家的机会是给少数人的,但没有给大绝大多数人。”

    有一句话叫做“屁股决定脑袋”,我不知道谁第一个讲的,不过我觉得这话至少部分正确。每个人的看法角度都不相同。即使在同一个人身上,时间、钞票、学识变了,角度也变了。就如同博主在国内的时候诸多不顺眼,出国之后又开始中性看世界。因为你的位置变了,自然角度也能变了。

    Comment by 淬念 — March 31, 2010 @ 11:05 pm

  2. 其实我觉得美国和中国还是很像的。楼主应该到北欧来看看,这里基本上没有阶级,和美国比可能更进了一步。不过坏处就是平衡的同时也没有了积极性。

    Comment by linuxcity — April 1, 2010 @ 1:26 am

  3. 美国和中国哪里很像?

    Comment by madwolfs — April 1, 2010 @ 1:55 am

  4. @淬念
    的确,既得利益阶层会尽量减少其他阶层获取利益的机会,但是如果社会在发展,翻盘的机会就多。如果不给底层任何翻盘的机会,矛盾就会积聚,事情就麻烦了。
    一个稳定的社会,必然需要有释放压力的出口。

    Comment by 美人她爹 — April 1, 2010 @ 7:16 am

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